Causes of Periodontal Disease

Dr. John Verville and our team know that there are several causes for periodontal disease. When we provide gum disease treatment, we also try to determine the root of the problem to help heal you and prevent this harmful, inflammatory condition from occurring again. Some common causes of gum disease include:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: This is the most common cause of gum disease. When plaque and tartar are left on the teeth, they can infect the gum tissue and cause gingivitis. This is easily prevented when you brush your teeth twice a day, floss between them once a day, and visit our dentist for regular check-ups.
  • Tobacco Use: Whether you smoke or chew tobacco, doing so can make your gum tissue more vulnerable to problems and can slow the healing process.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Individuals who have a genetic disposition to periodontal disease, even those who maintain good oral hygiene, are six times more likely to develop this inflammatory condition.
  • Pregnancy and Menopause: Hormonal changes affect the whole body, including the mouth. You may be more susceptible to gum disease if you are pregnant or going through menopause.
  • Chronic Stress and Poor Diet: Both stress and malnutrition lower the body’s immune system, weakening its ability to fight off the infection of gum disease.
  • Medical Conditions: Diabetes, respiratory disease, heart disease, arthritis, and osteoporosis have all been linked to periodontal disease.
  • Teeth Grinding: When you grind or clench your teeth, you can not only damage the teeth, but the supporting tissue surrounding them as well.
  • Medication: Several drugs can make your gums more susceptible to periodontal disease. Some of these medications include oral contraceptives, heart medicines, anti-depressants, and steroids.

Be sure to tell our dentist at Dr. John D. Verville Cosmetic & Implant Dentistry about any medical conditions you have and medications you take. He will be able to create a treatment plan with these causes in mind. We invite you to contact our office today for more information about the causes of and treatment for gum disease and gingivitis in Fleming Island, Florida.

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